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  • Writer's pictureNimesh Dhakan

Remembering Mrinal Sen - The Visionary Filmmaker Who Revolutionized Indian Cinema

By Nimesh Dhakan

Mrinal Sen was a prolific filmmaker who made significant contributions to Indian cinema. Along with Satyajit Ray and Ritwik Ghatak, he was one of the pioneers of the parallel cinema movement in India. He was known for his realistic and socially relevant films that portrayed the struggles of the common man.



Life and Education: Mrinal Sen was born on May 14, 1923, in Faridpur, present-day Bangladesh. He completed his schooling from the Government High School in Faridpur and later pursued a degree in physics from the Scottish Church College in Kolkata. However, his interest in filmmaking led him to pursue a career in the film industry.



Timeline: Mrinal Sen began his career as a sound recordist in the film industry in Kolkata. He made his directorial debut with the film "Raat Bhore" in 1955. Over the next few decades, he directed several critically acclaimed films such as "Bhuvan Shome", "Calcutta 71", "Akaler Sandhane", "Ek Din Pratidin", and "Khandhar".


He was known for his experimentation with narrative techniques and his use of non-professional actors. He also served as the chairman of the Film and Television Institute of India from 1982 to 1984.


Story: Mrinal Sen's films often depicted the struggles of the common man and addressed social issues such as poverty, unemployment, and political corruption. His film "Bhuvan Shome" is considered a milestone in Indian cinema and is credited with kickstarting the parallel cinema movement. The film tells the story of a government official who undergoes a transformation after a chance encounter with a tribal woman. It was a departure from the mainstream Bollywood films of the time and paved the way for more realistic and socially relevant cinema in India.



Importance: Mrinal Sen was an important figure in Indian cinema and his contributions to the industry cannot be overstated. He was one of the pioneers of the parallel cinema movement and his films inspired a generation of filmmakers. He was also a recipient of numerous awards and honours including the Padma Bhushan and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest honour in Indian cinema.


Mrinal Sen was a visionary filmmaker who revolutionized Indian cinema with his realistic and socially relevant films. He was a pioneer of the parallel cinema movement and his films continue to inspire filmmakers to this day. On his birth anniversary, it is important to remember and honour his contributions to Indian cinema.




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